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HTML/XML Character References

HTML Character references are numeric or symbolic names for characters that may be included in an HTML document. They are useful for referring to rarely used characters, or those that authoring tools make it difficult or impossible to enter. Each character n the standard is identified with a unique number called code point. Character references begin with a "&" sign and end with a semi-colon (;). Character references in HTML may appear in two forms:

  • Numeric character references,
    either decimal (Ω as Ω) or hexadecimal (Ω as Ω).
  • Character entity references (Ω as Ω).

E.g. The Greek letter Omege Ω is represented in HTML document as Ω or Ω or Ω.

Dec RefHex RefChr RefSymbolDescription
""""quotation mark
&&&&ampersand
&#60;&#x003C;&lt;<less-than sign
&#62;&#x003E;&gt;>greater-than sign
&#160;&#x00A0;&nbsp; no-break space
&#161;&#x00A1;&iexcl;¡inverted exclamation mark
&#162;&#x00A2;&cent;¢cent sign
&#163;&#x00A3;&pound;£pound sign
&#164;&#x00A4;&curren;¤currency sign
&#165;&#x00A5;&yen;¥yen sign
&#166;&#x00A6;&brvbar;¦broken bar
&#167;&#x00A7;&sect;§section sign
&#168;&#x00A8;&uml;¨diaeresis
&#169;&#x00A9;&copy;©copyright sign
&#170;&#x00AA;&ordf;ªfeminine ordinal indicator
&#171;&#x00AB;&laquo;«left-pointing double angle quotation mark
&#172;&#x00AC;&not;¬not sign
&#173;&#x00AD;&shy;­soft hyphen
&#174;&#x00AE;&reg;®registered sign
&#175;&#x00AF;&macr;¯macron
&#176;&#x00B0;&deg;°degree sign
&#177;&#x00B1;&plusmn;±plus-minus sign
&#178;&#x00B2;&sup2;²superscript two
&#179;&#x00B3;&sup3;³superscript three
&#180;&#x00B4;&acute;´acute accent
&#181;&#x00B5;&micro;µmicro sign
&#182;&#x00B6;&para;pilcrow sign
&#183;&#x00B7;&middot;·middle dot
&#184;&#x00B8;&cedil;¸cedilla
&#185;&#x00B9;&sup1;¹superscript one
&#186;&#x00BA;&ordm;ºmasculine ordinal indicator
&#187;&#x00BB;&raquo;»right-pointing double angle quotation mark
&#188;&#x00BC;&frac14;¼vulgar fraction one quarter
&#189;&#x00BD;&frac12;½vulgar fraction one half
&#190;&#x00BE;&frac34;¾vulgar fraction three quarters
&#191;&#x00BF;&iquest;¿inverted question mark
&#192;&#x00C0;&Agrave;Àlatin capital letter a with grave
&#193;&#x00C1;&Aacute;Álatin capital letter a with acute
&#194;&#x00C2;&Acirc;Âlatin capital letter a with circumflex
&#195;&#x00C3;&Atilde;Ãlatin capital letter a with tilde
&#196;&#x00C4;&Auml;Älatin capital letter a with diaeresis
&#197;&#x00C5;&Aring;Ålatin capital letter a with ring above
&#198;&#x00C6;&AElig;Ælatin capital letter ae
&#199;&#x00C7;&Ccedil;Çlatin capital letter c with cedilla
&#200;&#x00C8;&Egrave;Èlatin capital letter e with grave
&#201;&#x00C9;&Eacute;Élatin capital letter e with acute
&#202;&#x00CA;&Ecirc;Êlatin capital letter e with circumflex
&#203;&#x00CB;&Euml;Ëlatin capital letter e with diaeresis
&#204;&#x00CC;&Igrave;Ìlatin capital letter i with grave
&#205;&#x00CD;&Iacute;Ílatin capital letter i with acute
&#206;&#x00CE;&Icirc;Îlatin capital letter i with circumflex
&#207;&#x00CF;&Iuml;Ïlatin capital letter i with diaeresis
&#208;&#x00D0;&ETH;Ðlatin capital letter eth
&#209;&#x00D1;&Ntilde;Ñlatin capital letter n with tilde
&#210;&#x00D2;&Ograve;Òlatin capital letter o with grave
&#211;&#x00D3;&Oacute;Ólatin capital letter o with acute
&#212;&#x00D4;&Ocirc;Ôlatin capital letter o with circumflex
&#213;&#x00D5;&Otilde;Õlatin capital letter o with tilde
&#214;&#x00D6;&Ouml;Ölatin capital letter o with diaeresis
&#215;&#x00D7;&times;×multiplication sign
&#216;&#x00D8;&Oslash;Ølatin capital letter o with stroke
&#217;&#x00D9;&Ugrave;Ùlatin capital letter u with grave
&#218;&#x00DA;&Uacute;Úlatin capital letter u with acute
&#219;&#x00DB;&Ucirc;Ûlatin capital letter u with circumflex
&#220;&#x00DC;&Uuml;Ülatin capital letter u with diaeresis
&#221;&#x00DD;&Yacute;Ýlatin capital letter y with acute
&#222;&#x00DE;&THORN;Þlatin capital letter thorn
&#223;&#x00DF;&szlig;ßlatin small letter sharp s
&#224;&#x00E0;&agrave;àlatin small letter a with grave
&#225;&#x00E1;&aacute;álatin small letter a with acute
&#226;&#x00E2;&acirc;âlatin small letter a with circumflex
&#227;&#x00E3;&atilde;ãlatin small letter a with tilde
&#228;&#x00E4;&auml;älatin small letter a with diaeresis
&#229;&#x00E5;&aring;ålatin small letter a with ring above
&#230;&#x00E6;&aelig;ælatin small letter ae
&#231;&#x00E7;&ccedil;çlatin small letter c with cedilla
&#232;&#x00E8;&egrave;èlatin small letter e with grave
&#233;&#x00E9;&eacute;élatin small letter e with acute
&#234;&#x00EA;&ecirc;êlatin small letter e with circumflex
&#235;&#x00EB;&euml;ëlatin small letter e with diaeresis
&#236;&#x00EC;&igrave;ìlatin small letter i with grave
&#237;&#x00ED;&iacute;ílatin small letter i with acute
&#238;&#x00EE;&icirc;îlatin small letter i with circumflex
&#239;&#x00EF;&iuml;ïlatin small letter i with diaeresis
&#240;&#x00F0;&eth;ðlatin small letter eth
&#241;&#x00F1;&ntilde;ñlatin small letter n with tilde
&#242;&#x00F2;&ograve;òlatin small letter o with grave
&#243;&#x00F3;&oacute;ólatin small letter o with acute
&#244;&#x00F4;&ocirc;ôlatin small letter o with circumflex
&#245;&#x00F5;&otilde;õlatin small letter o with tilde
&#246;&#x00F6;&ouml;ölatin small letter o with diaeresis
&#247;&#x00F7;&divide;÷division sign
&#248;&#x00F8;&oslash;ølatin small letter o with stroke
&#249;&#x00F9;&ugrave;ùlatin small letter u with grave
&#250;&#x00FA;&uacute;úlatin small letter u with acute
&#251;&#x00FB;&ucirc;ûlatin small letter u with circumflex
&#252;&#x00FC;&uuml;ülatin small letter u with diaeresis
&#253;&#x00FD;&yacute;ýlatin small letter y with acute
&#254;&#x00FE;&thorn;þlatin small letter thorn
&#255;&#x00FF;&yuml;ÿlatin small letter y with diaeresis
&#338;&#x0152;&OElig;Œlatin capital ligature oe
&#339;&#x0153;&oelig;œlatin small ligature oe
&#352;&#x0160;&Scaron;Šlatin capital letter s with caron
&#353;&#x0161;&scaron;šlatin small letter s with caron
&#376;&#x0178;&Yuml;Ÿlatin capital letter y with diaeresis
&#402;&#x0192;&fnof;ƒlatin small letter f with hook
&#710;&#x02C6;&circ;ˆmodifier letter circumflex accent
&#732;&#x02DC;&tilde;˜small tilde
&#913;&#x0391;&Alpha;Αgreek capital letter alpha
&#914;&#x0392;&Beta;Βgreek capital letter beta
&#915;&#x0393;&Gamma;Γgreek capital letter gamma
&#916;&#x0394;&Delta;Δgreek capital letter delta
&#917;&#x0395;&Epsilon;Εgreek capital letter epsilon
&#918;&#x0396;&Zeta;Ζgreek capital letter zeta
&#919;&#x0397;&Eta;Ηgreek capital letter eta
&#920;&#x0398;&Theta;Θgreek capital letter theta
&#921;&#x0399;&Iota;Ιgreek capital letter iota
&#922;&#x039A;&Kappa;Κgreek capital letter kappa
&#923;&#x039B;&Lambda;Λgreek capital letter lamda
&#924;&#x039C;&Mu;Μgreek capital letter mu
&#925;&#x039D;&Nu;Νgreek capital letter nu
&#926;&#x039E;&Xi;Ξgreek capital letter xi
&#927;&#x039F;&Omicron;Οgreek capital letter omicron
&#928;&#x03A0;&Pi;Πgreek capital letter pi
&#929;&#x03A1;&Rho;Ρgreek capital letter rho
&#931;&#x03A3;&Sigma;Σgreek capital letter sigma
&#932;&#x03A4;&Tau;Τgreek capital letter tau
&#933;&#x03A5;&Upsilon;Υgreek capital letter upsilon
&#934;&#x03A6;&Phi;Φgreek capital letter phi
&#935;&#x03A7;&Chi;Χgreek capital letter chi
&#936;&#x03A8;&Psi;Ψgreek capital letter psi
&#937;&#x03A9;&Omega;Ωgreek capital letter omega
&#945;&#x03B1;&alpha;αgreek small letter alpha
&#946;&#x03B2;&beta;βgreek small letter beta
&#947;&#x03B3;&gamma;γgreek small letter gamma
&#948;&#x03B4;&delta;δgreek small letter delta
&#949;&#x03B5;&epsilon;εgreek small letter epsilon
&#950;&#x03B6;&zeta;ζgreek small letter zeta
&#951;&#x03B7;&eta;ηgreek small letter eta
&#952;&#x03B8;&theta;θgreek small letter theta
&#953;&#x03B9;&iota;ιgreek small letter iota
&#954;&#x03BA;&kappa;κgreek small letter kappa
&#955;&#x03BB;&lambda;λgreek small letter lamda
&#956;&#x03BC;&mu;μgreek small letter mu
&#957;&#x03BD;&nu;νgreek small letter nu
&#958;&#x03BE;&xi;ξgreek small letter xi
&#959;&#x03BF;&omicron;οgreek small letter omicron
&#960;&#x03C0;&pi;πgreek small letter pi
&#961;&#x03C1;&rho;ρgreek small letter rho
&#962;&#x03C2;&sigmaf;ςgreek small letter final sigma
&#963;&#x03C3;&sigma;σgreek small letter sigma
&#964;&#x03C4;&tau;τgreek small letter tau
&#965;&#x03C5;&upsilon;υgreek small letter upsilon
&#966;&#x03C6;&phi;φgreek small letter phi
&#967;&#x03C7;&chi;χgreek small letter chi
&#968;&#x03C8;&psi;ψgreek small letter psi
&#969;&#x03C9;&omega;ωgreek small letter omega
&#977;&#x03D1;&thetasym;ϑgreek theta symbol
&#978;&#x03D2;&upsih;ϒgreek upsilon with hook symbol
&#982;&#x03D6;&piv;ϖgreek pi symbol
&#8194;&#x2002;&ensp;en space [1]
&#8195;&#x2003;&emsp;em space [2]
&#8201;&#x2009;&thinsp;thin space [3]
&#8204;&#x200C;&zwnj;zero width non-joiner
&#8205;&#x200D;&zwj;zero width joiner
&#8206;&#x200E;&lrm;left-to-right mark
&#8207;&#x200F;&rlm;right-to-left mark
&#8211;&#x2013;&ndash;en dash
&#8212;&#x2014;&mdash;em dash
&#8216;&#x2018;&lsquo;left single quotation mark
&#8217;&#x2019;&rsquo;right single quotation mark
&#8218;&#x201A;&sbquo;single low-9 quotation mark
&#8220;&#x201C;&ldquo;left double quotation mark
&#8221;&#x201D;&rdquo;right double quotation mark
&#8222;&#x201E;&bdquo;double low-9 quotation mark
&#8224;&#x2020;&dagger;dagger
&#8225;&#x2021;&Dagger;double dagger
&#8226;&#x2022;&bull;bullet
&#8230;&#x2026;&hellip;horizontal ellipsis
&#8240;&#x2030;&permil;per mille sign
&#8242;&#x2032;&prime;prime
&#8243;&#x2033;&Prime;double prime
&#8249;&#x2039;&lsaquo;single left-pointing angle quotation mark
&#8250;&#x203A;&rsaquo;single right-pointing angle quotation mark
&#8254;&#x203E;&oline;overline
&#8260;&#x2044;&frasl;fraction slash
&#8364;&#x20AC;&euro;euro sign
&#8465;&#x2111;&image;black-letter capital i
&#8472;&#x2118;&weierp;script capital p
&#8476;&#x211C;&real;black-letter capital r
&#8482;&#x2122;&trade;trade mark sign
&#8501;&#x2135;&alefsym;alef symbol
&#8592;&#x2190;&larr;leftwards arrow
&#8593;&#x2191;&uarr;upwards arrow
&#8594;&#x2192;&rarr;rightwards arrow
&#8595;&#x2193;&darr;downwards arrow
&#8596;&#x2194;&harr;left right arrow
&#8629;&#x21B5;&crarr;downwards arrow with corner leftwards
&#8656;&#x21D0;&lArr;leftwards double arrow
&#8657;&#x21D1;&uArr;upwards double arrow
&#8658;&#x21D2;&rArr;rightwards double arrow
&#8659;&#x21D3;&dArr;downwards double arrow
&#8660;&#x21D4;&hArr;left right double arrow
&#8704;&#x2200;&forall;for all
&#8706;&#x2202;&part;partial differential
&#8707;&#x2203;&exist;there exists
&#8709;&#x2205;&empty;empty set
&#8711;&#x2207;&nabla;nabla
&#8712;&#x2208;&isin;element of
&#8713;&#x2209;&notin;not an element of
&#8715;&#x220B;&ni;contains as member
&#8719;&#x220F;&prod;n-ary product
&#8721;&#x2211;&sum;n-ary summation
&#8722;&#x2212;&minus;minus sign
&#8727;&#x2217;&lowast;asterisk operator
&#8730;&#x221A;&radic;square root
&#8733;&#x221D;&prop;proportional to
&#8734;&#x221E;&infin;infinity
&#8736;&#x2220;&ang;angle
&#8743;&#x2227;&and;logical and
&#8744;&#x2228;&or;logical or
&#8745;&#x2229;&cap;intersection
&#8746;&#x222A;&cup;union
&#8747;&#x222B;&int;integral
&#8756;&#x2234;&there4;therefore
&#8764;&#x223C;&sim;tilde operator
&#8773;&#x2245;&cong;congruent to
&#8776;&#x2248;&asymp;almost equal to
&#8800;&#x2260;&ne;not equal to
&#8801;&#x2261;&equiv;identical to
&#8804;&#x2264;&le;less-than or equal to
&#8805;&#x2265;&ge;greater-than or equal to
&#8834;&#x2282;&sub;subset of
&#8835;&#x2283;&sup;superset of
&#8836;&#x2284;&nsub;not a subset of
&#8838;&#x2286;&sube;subset of or equal to
&#8839;&#x2287;&supe;superset of or equal to
&#8853;&#x2295;&oplus;circled plus
&#8855;&#x2297;&otimes;circled times
&#8869;&#x22A5;&perp;up tack
&#8901;&#x22C5;&sdot;dot operator
&#8968;&#x2308;&lceil;left ceiling
&#8969;&#x2309;&rceil;right ceiling
&#8970;&#x230A;&lfloor;left floor
&#8971;&#x230B;&rfloor;right floor
&#9001;&#x2329;&lang;left-pointing angle bracket
&#9002;&#x232a;&rang;right-pointing angle bracket
&#9674;&#x25CA;&loz;lozenge
&#9824;&#x2660;&spades;black spade suit
&#9827;&#x2663;&clubs;black club suit
&#9829;&#x2665;&hearts;black heart suit
&#9830;&#x2666;&diams;black diamond suit

Note:

Some fonts installed in your system may not include a glyph (picture) to display a particular character in the above table.



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